The latest issue of Singapore-based The Rake just came out, with the following piece on the past and present of madras, for which I interviewed Paul Winston, Ethan Huber of O’Connell’s, and Brooks Brothers merchandiser Jeff Blee.
American Indian: Madras, named for the Indian city where it originated, remains a distinctly yankee summer staple
By Christian Chensvold
The Rake, issue 10
Though Brooks Brothers and Chipp were just across the street from each other — at 44th Street and Madison Avenue in New York City — their customer base was miles apart. That’s why one summer evening in the early ‘60s, Chipp employees moved dozens of unsold patch-madras sportcoats from one side of street to the other, changed the labels from Brooks to Chipp, and started ringing up sales the next day.
It’s one of Paul Winston’s favorite stories. Fresh from college, he had just joined his father’s legendary company Chipp, purveyors of the Ivy League Look but with a predilection for experimentation and whimsy — like Kama-Sutra linings in sober grey-flannel suits. This creativity also gave birth to the patching of madras, that comfortable, inexpensive and quintessential summer fabric. The fateful “Late-Night Madras on Madison Merchandise Swap” consisted of sportcoats from a third party used by both Chipp and Brooks Brothers. “We couldn’t get patch-madras sportcoats in fast enough, and Brooks couldn’t sell them,” Winston remembers. “Relatively speaking, we were considered edgy, and they had old-line, conservative blue-blood customers who looked down on it.”
The passing of time makes fertile ground for irony. Brooks Brothers has all but declared 2010 the year of madras, offering dozens of products in categories from shirts and shorts to sportcoats, ties, pocket squares and even loungewear. And guess what? Patched items are the best sellers.
“It is an interesting year in terms of madras,” says Jeff Blee, divisional merchandise manager of men’s furnishings for Brooks Brothers. “We made a much more sizable investment in it this year. It fits the two ends of the fashion spectrum: It can be very subdued and traditional in a Nantucket way with blues and reds, but can also be a good vehicle for what I like to call Palm Beach Prep, which is a little more over-the-top in terms of color, with pinks, greens and oranges.
“Madras ebbs and flows in popularity,” Blee continues, “but we always do it. And at this point in the cycle we’re doing it head to toe — not that we want people to wear it that way. It’s a cloth that just screams summer.”
And it screams it in Tamil. Madras is named for the Indian city where the light, textured cotton fabric was first loomed (Madras became known as Chennai in 1996, part of a continuous process of redubbing Indian cities with Anglicized names). Its origins go back to the early days of the British Empire, when locals created cotton plaids inspired by Scottish tartans.
Today madras, as they say in the fashion industry, is “having a moment” — a long moment that’s been building for several years. Atlantis Fabrics, a New York-based importer of Indian textiles, reports that wholesale madras sales have risen 20 percent in each of the past five years. And this moment, like all the others since Brooks Brothers introduced madras resort wear in 1920, is a largely American phenomenon. Though Brooks Brothers maintains stores in the UK and Continental Europe, when it comes to annual madras offerings, “They’re never as gung-ho about it as we are here,” says Blee. “But in Asia, it’s a whole different story: Madras is wildly popular in our Japanese stores.”
However, madras may be slowly returning to its British roots, one pair of patchwork shorts at a time, thanks to designers like Nottingham-based David Keyte, who launched the line Universal Works last year after 12 years at Paul Smith. “I’ve always loved madras check,” Keyte says. “Paul was buying it years ago, even before I ever saw it in a Ralph Lauren ad!” On a recent trip to India, Keyte was captivated by the brilliantly colored fabrics he saw. “The array of fantastic patchworks in India is amazing,” he says. “The hardest things is limiting yourself to just one or two choices.” The result of Keyte’s travels is a pair of patch-madras shorts in Universal Works current collection. And while Keyte admits Brits are generally less adventurous with their summer clothes than Americans, “the shorts seem to be flying out the stores.”
For every material object there is a purist who wants it a certain way — usually an archaic way no longer available. With madras, the most coveted type is “bleeding madras,” something all but extinct, according to Ethan Huber of O’Connell’s, purveyors of traditional American style in Buffalo, New York since 1959. “We haven’t seen bleeding madras in years and years,” he says. “The old hand-loomed bleeding stuff is just impossible to get, and the dyes today just aren’t the same.”
Good thing O’Connell’s is prone to hoarding — or overbuying. The store boasts some 900 pieces of deadstock bleeding madras dating from the ‘60s to the ‘90s. When trickled out into the store or on the website, they sell immediately. And while photographing the many one-offs for e-commerce purposes is tedious, says Huber, “I like to get them out there and see people get excited about them.”
Always an inexpensive fabric (O’Connell’s’ current colorfast madras costs $6 a yard), the traditional vegetable dyes would “bleed” into each other during washing. They’d also bleed into other garments: Get caught in a summer shower wearing a madras sportcoat and your white oxford underneath might just turn pink. Bleeding madras is also highly sensitive to sunlight, and will fade after a few afternoons on the golf course. “If I put a sportcoat on a mannequin in the window,” says Huber, “if it’s not out of there in a week, you’ll see that the fabric under the lapel is darker.”
Purists have come to prize the quickly developed, lived-in look of bleeding madras, perhaps at the encouraging of manufacturers. “Genuine Indian madras, guaranteed to bleed,” was an ubiquitous label sewn onto garments during the madras heyday, a fine example of marketing spin, and vice recast as virtue.